Dental Care for Felines: What You Should Know About Your Cat’s Gum Health

Cats frequently suffer from dental disease. By the age of four, gingivitis and periodontal disease develop in many cats. It is a potentially fatal, slowly advancing illness that causes discomfort and compromises general health and well-being. There will be no indication that cats experience oral pain. As the pain associated with dental disorders builds gradually, individuals learn to adapt. Therefore, all cats must see a veterinarian once a year for an oral examination.

What are the most prevalent dental problems among felines?

Here are the most common dental conditions in cats and if you still don’t have a vet in your area, simply look up “veterinary clinic near me” 

Periodontal Disease

The periodontal disease infects and inflames the gum tissue. Plaque accumulates at and below the gum line when dental hygiene is inadequate. This illness resulted in swollen gums, tooth-anchoring ligaments, and bones. Untreated, a periodontal infection can lead to tooth loss by eroding supporting tissues. Periodontal diseases consist of gingivitis and periodontitis. Veterinary dental cleanings during a cat or dog dental exam cure gingivitis and periodontitis. Involved anesthesia. The appearance of a tooth may improve without anesthesia, but plaque remains behind the gum line.


Inflammation of the gums, but not the ligaments or bones, is the cause of gingivitis. The gums swell and change color from coral pink to crimson or purple. The gums bleed easily. Standard bad breath If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. Gingivitis is treatable with a thorough dental cleaning. Gingivitis can affect certain 6- to 8-month-old cats. Symptoms of gingivitis include swollen gums and bad breath.


Gingivitis can be treated with a professional dental cleaning under anesthetic. This entails gum cleaning. If gingivitis does not improve, your cat may require more intensive cleaning. Your veterinarian may seal the teeth after cleanings to prevent bacterial buildup and promote healing. Unresponsive cats should be evaluated for immune system disorders, diabetes, and Bartonella infection (cat scratch fever). The gingivitis will reappear if the teeth are not kept clean and clear of plaque.


Damaged gums, ligaments, and bones characterize periodontitis. Plaque, tartar, and gingivitis typically precede these conditions. It causes irreparable tooth loss. This illness can manifest in cats aged one year.


Periodontitis is treated with a professional cleaning above and below the gum line performed under anesthetic. Jaw X-rays can detect bone deterioration. Periodontitis necessitates more extensive treatment than gingivitis, and other therapies may be required for gum disease. Extractions in a cat surgery clinic are widespread. Without teeth, cats can mend damaged tissue. Surgery may be necessary to clear the root surface. Finally, veterinarians treat tooth crowding and underlying conditions that cause periodontitis.

Maintain oral hygiene at home if your cat has periodontitis. Follow your veterinarian’s recommendations on brushing, dietary changes, plaque prevention gel, and oral rinses. Frequent (3- to 12-month) preventive cleanings prevent recurrence and bone loss.


Plaque is a thin coating of food particles, saliva, bacteria, and dead cells that form on your pet’s teeth. Plaque that has remained on the teeth for longer than 72 hours becomes tartar. This results in inflammation and illness of the gums.

In conclusion,

Gum disease is uncommon with healthy teeth. Regular dental exams and at-home care, such as brushing, can help prevent gum disease. Brushing cats’ teeth daily. Plaque that is not removed after three days transforms into calculus, which a toothbrush cannot remove. If you cannot brush your cat’s teeth, wipe them with gauze once every two to three days. Ask your veterinarian about plaque-removing treats and dry foods. Your vet may apply a barrier sealant or plaque-prevention gel.