A Dog Owner’s Guide on Common Surgeries

A Dog Owner’s Guide on Common Surgeries

Veterinary surgery is just one of the 22 veterinary specialties recognized in the US, Canada, and Europe. Those wishing to become board-certified should undergo a one-year clinical internship and three years of intensive training in a residency program. Under the surgical specialization are subspecialties that cater to different areas.

Common Surgical Procedures

Sterilization Surgery

One of the most common sterilization approaches for dogs is spaying (ovariohysterectomy) which removes both the ovaries and uterus of female dogs, and neutering (castration), which includes removing the dog’s testicles. 

The sterilization procedure is one of the most common surgical procedures in a vet hospital. You may check this “vet near me page if you’re looking for a reputable specialist. 

Surgical Oncology

The surgical procedure remains the most commonly performed treatment for vet cancer patients in comprehensive facilities like Tender Care Animal Hospital. Surgical oncology often leads to long-term control of the disease, helping your dog live longer.

Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery usually needs a general anesthetic. Furthermore, a muscle relaxant is given to help the eye sit in the proper placement during the operation. The cataract removal is called phacoemulsification.

Dental Surgery

There are several grounds why your dog might require vet dentist surgical procedures. Common dental treatments include removal of growths, repair of dental defects, repair of jaw fracture, and tumor removal. Dental health is essential for the overall health of your dog.

Orthopedic Surgery

Veterinary orthopedic surgery pertains to any surgical procedures that repair broken bones, spines, joints, muscles, or torn ligaments. The primary purpose of orthopedic surgery is to restore the alignment of bones where they ought to be.

Cardiology Surgery

Canine cardiology surgery is the clinical field that treats a dog’s cardiovascular system. The goal is to address issues such as valvular degeneration, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and congenital heart disease.

Veterinary Anesthesia

Anesthesia in animals resembles human anesthesia; however, there are some differences. Regional anesthesia is used for wound closure and removal of tumors. General anesthesia is widely used in major surgical procedures.

Caring for Your Dog After a Surgery

A lot of the post-op care for your dog will fall on your shoulder. These are some general safety measures, yet you must always comply with the discharge instructions of your veterinarian if there are discrepancies.

Immediate Post-op Care

Your dog will be checked by experienced nurses and veterinary personnel in the recovery room, ensuring all vital signs are within normal range. Your vet will notify you if your pet is ready to go home. In case of complications, your veterinarian will make the necessary post-operative plan. Before taking your dog home, be sure to understand every discharge guideline from the vet.

Post-op Home Care

Keeping your pet in a quiet area is ideal since rest is crucial for your dog’s recovery. Your veterinarian may recommend placing your dog in a dog crate for much of their recovery time. Do not leave a bone or a toy in the chest without supervision. During recovery, you should only permit your pet to go outside for elimination purposes.

In most cases, your dog will need painkillers; these pain relievers may affect their coordination. Antibiotics help prevent the wound from getting an infection. Monitor surgical sites carefully for infection, swelling, bruising, or releasing a foul odor.

Follow-Up Schedule

Your pet will need to go back for a follow-up. During this appointment, the veterinarian will remove skin sutures or staples. Depending upon the case, other instructions may include an x-ray or other tests to ensure that your dog is healing properly.